Although IQ and intelligence are often considered synonymous in determining a person’s skill, there is a difference between the two. IQ, or intelligence quotient, is a specific term, while intelligence is a broader term that can be defined as the ability to gain and apply knowledge and skills. In this article, we will explore the differences between IQ and intelligence.
What is IQ?
IQ stands for intelligence quotient and is characterized by a ratio. Unlike intelligence, which can be categorized into multiple sections, IQ does not consist of any types. It is a calculated value of the human mind, determined by an individual’s performance on intelligence tests. The calculation of the IQ score was introduced by William Stem of Germany, and the Wechsler adult intelligence scale and Gaussian bell curve are two important tests used to calculate a person’s IQ. The formula used to calculate IQ is IQ = MA/CAx100, where IQ represents intelligence quotient, MA represents mental age, and CA stands for chronological age.
What is Intelligence?
Intelligence can be defined as the ability to gain and apply knowledge and skills, according to the Oxford English Dictionary. Unlike IQ, intelligence is not measured by a ratio. It involves various tests to determine the type of intelligence an individual possesses, such as numerical, musical, linguistic, interpersonal, verbal, reasoning, and fluency. IQ and intelligence are interconnected, as IQ is conducted to determine an individual’s type of intelligence.
- IQ is a specific term and is characterized by a ratio, while intelligence is a broader term that involves various tests to determine an individual’s type of intelligence.
- IQ is calculated using a specific formula (IQ = MA/CAx100), whereas no specific formula is needed to test one’s intelligence.
- Intelligence tests can be conducted in types such as numerical, musical, linguistic, interpersonal, verbal, reasoning, fluency, and more, while IQ does not consist of such types.