Feminism encompasses various movements and efforts aimed at achieving gender equality and equal rights for women in society. These rights include not only economic rights but also social and political ones, allowing women to have equal power and decision-making abilities as men. There are several different approaches to feminism, with ideologies and philosophies generally falling into the categories of liberal, radical, and social or Marxist feminism. While there may be some overlap and similarities between liberal and Marxist feminism, there are also key differences between the two.
- Liberal feminism is the most lenient approach to feminism, working from within the patriarchal system to achieve equal rights for women.
- Marxist feminism, also known as socialist feminism, believes that social causes such as sex, race, and education discrimination also contribute to women’s plight in society.
- While liberal feminists suggest fighting the system from within, Marxist feminists propose communism as a solution to achieve gender equality.
Liberal feminism is the most lenient approach to feminism among all philosophies aimed at achieving equal rights for women. These feminists are prepared to work from within, which means they seek reform in patriarchal societies and demand equal social, economic, and political rights for women. The theory of liberalism can be traced back to the days of the American Revolution, with liberal feminists believing that the only way to correct gender imbalances is to work towards a level playing field for women. This form of feminism proposes that there should be no inequality between men and women, with merit being the sole criteria for differential treatment. Liberal feminists work by fighting the system from within to remove all obstacles from women’s paths, ensuring a level playing field for them.
Marxist feminism, also known as socialist feminism, believes that it is not just gender discrimination responsible for women’s plight in society. Many other social causes, such as discrimination based on sex, race, culture, and education, compound women’s miseries worldwide. This means that a black, uneducated, and poor African girl is at a far more disadvantageous position than an educated, white, and wealthy European woman. As such, Marxist feminism suggests communism as the ideal solution to remove social ills and pave the way for gender equality.