Distinguishing Between Inclusion & Integration

What is Inclusion?

Inclusion is an approach to education that focuses on benefiting all students by ensuring clear participation from everyone. It is often considered as “education for all.” In this approach, the school changes to accommodate the needs of all students, embracing diversity and using various techniques to benefit every individual. Inclusion is now seen as the best option in modern education systems, as it eliminates labels and barriers that hold back students and encourages full participation.

What is Integration?

Integration is the process where students with special needs are absorbed into mainstream education. This approach emphasizes fitting into mainstream education and, although it aims to cater to the needs of students with special needs, it can increase labeling due to pre-existing structures and attitudes, potentially hindering a child’s educational development. Integration uses various techniques, services, and adaptation methods, mostly through formal structures, to help students adapt or fit into mainstream education. Experts now believe that the benefits of inclusion in education are much greater than those of integration.

Key Takeaways

  • Inclusion focuses on benefiting all students and encourages clear participation, while integration is the process where students with special needs are absorbed into mainstream education.
  • Integration emphasizes fitting into mainstream education, while inclusion focuses on improving overall participation in classroom activities.
  • Inclusion involves the school system undergoing change, while integration involves changing subject matter according to the needs of students with special needs.
Maria Nguyen
Maria Nguyen
Maria Nguyen is a talented writer with a flair for developing captivating content in a range of formats. Her commitment to thorough research and producing top-notch material has contributed to over 4 years of professional writing and editing experience. Outside of work, Maria finds pleasure in solitary activities and immersing herself in nature. Her introspective nature and passion for self-reflection inspire her creativity. She believes that spending time alone and observing the natural world can provide valuable insights and foster personal growth, broadening her perspective as a writer.


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