Distinguishing Between Research Questions & Hypotheses

Research in social sciences involves various subjects and tools, starting with the formulation of a research question or a hypothesis that needs to be tested and verified. Both research questions and hypotheses share similarities, but they also have differences that should be emphasized to help those involved in social research use the appropriate tool.

Key Takeaways

  • Quantitative research generally favors hypotheses, while qualitative research prefers research questions.
  • Hypotheses are predictive in nature and anticipate the relationship between variables, while research questions are more general and pose questions rather than predicting outcomes.
  • Hypotheses are more specific than research questions and suggest relationships between variables in a tentative manner, such as suggesting an association between employee productivity and flexible hours of work.
Maria Nguyen
Maria Nguyen
Maria Nguyen is a talented writer with a flair for developing captivating content in a range of formats. Her commitment to thorough research and producing top-notch material has contributed to over 4 years of professional writing and editing experience. Outside of work, Maria finds pleasure in solitary activities and immersing herself in nature. Her introspective nature and passion for self-reflection inspire her creativity. She believes that spending time alone and observing the natural world can provide valuable insights and foster personal growth, broadening her perspective as a writer.


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