Distinguishing Gr & Jury from Trial Jury

Grand Jury vs Trial Jury

The difference between a Grand Jury and a Trial Jury can be observed in their purpose and function. While both terms refer to a panel of jurors, their roles in a trial are significantly different, making them not interchangeable. The Grand Jury is the first step towards a criminal trial and consists of 16-23 people. Its primary goal is to work with the prosecution to determine if a person should be indicted or formally charged with a crime. The Trial Jury, on the other hand, is tasked with delivering a verdict of ‘guilty’ or ‘not guilty’ in a criminal trial, or determining the plaintiff’s entitlement to claim compensation from the defendant in a civil trial. Composed of 6-12 people, the Trial Jury follows a strict procedure in a public setting.

Key Takeaways

  • A Grand Jury’s role is to decide if there is probable cause to indict a person believed to have committed a crime, while a Trial Jury’s role is to determine if the defendant is guilty or not guilty beyond reasonable doubt.
  • Grand Jury proceedings are private, while Trial Jury proceedings are open to the public.
  • A Grand Jury is composed of 16-23 people and serves for a term, whereas a Trial Jury consists of 6-12 people and typically serves only for a particular case.
Gil Tillard
Gil Tillard
Gil Tillard is an accomplished writer with expertise in creating engaging articles and content across various platforms. His dedication to research and crafting high-quality content has led to over 5 years of professional writing and editing experience. In his personal life, Gil enjoys connecting with people from diverse backgrounds and cultures. His curiosity and eagerness to learn from others fuel his passion for communication. He believes that engaging with strangers can be both enlightening and enjoyable, making it easier to strike up conversations and expand one's horizons.


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